Second, when governments face common security threats, whether intergovernmental or not, the common benefits of defence cooperation should increase accordingly. The perception of the common threat has long been a motivation for defence pacts. Footnote 73 In addition, the level of threat in standard models for public goods of alliances directly determines the usefulness and thus the demand for defence cooperation. Fn. 74 I expect a similar relationship with CADs. Turkey and Kuwait have signed a joint defense plan for 2019, which aims to improve military cooperation between the two countries, Kuwait`s official KUNA news agency reported yesterday. The DAC application depends on the relative payments of cooperative and non-cooperative outcomes. Footnote 29 States cooperate to realize common benefits – profits that cannot be realized unilaterally. Note 30 If these benefits are not large enough in relation to the risks, there is little incentive for States to cooperate. Global security changes since the 1980s have increased the demand for defence cooperation across the system. At the same time, demand varies between dyads.
For some potential partners, the expected gap between cooperative and non-cooperative outcomes is large, while for others, the gap is small. Ceteris paribus, states prefer defense partners that are technologically advanced, prosperous, ideologically similar or of strategic value elsewhere. For example, Hungary continued defence cooperation with Germany, mainly because the united Germany, through the former GDR, had large reserves of Cold War spare parts, valuable to the Hungarian army. In short, common benefits influence both the decision to cooperate or not and the decision to work with whom. Beyond this basic definition, CADs have specific characteristics. Firstly, as Article 1(2) suggests, the DAC framework agreements. A framework is “a legally binding treaty. defining global obligations and a general system of governance for their contracting parties, leaving more detailed rules and the definition of specific objectives, either to subsequent agreements between the parties, usually referred to as protocols, or to national legislation. Note 14 Thus, although the DSG often has effects on the arms trade, the agreements themselves only set out general procedures for acquisition and acquisition. . . .