It would be ridiculous to think that we could send five men to conclude a treaty without the right to ratification by this House. That is the only thing that matters. It is therefore agreed that this treaty is only an agreement and that it will not be binding until the Dáil has ratified it. That`s who we are. The agreement was approved by Dáil Éireann by 88 votes to 75 and by Seanad Éireann by 37 votes to 16.   The Irish nationalist fianna Fáil party, Ireland`s main opposition party, also rejected the deal. Fianna Fáil leader Charles Haughey claimed the deal was contrary to Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution because it formally recognised British jurisdiction in Northern Ireland. Independent Republican representatives Neil Blaney and Tony Gregory also opposed it, with Blaney calling the deal a “fraud.” Despite this opposition, all the other main parties in the republic supported the agreement, and it was ratified by the Oireachtas. On the 15th.
In December, Kevin O`Higgins asked Robert Barton about his notes on Lloyd George`s statement about signing the agreement or resuming war: “Did Mr. Lloyd George designate Mr. Barton as the left wing of the delegation and he said, `The man who is against peace can now and forever bear responsibility for a terrible and immediate war?` Barton replied: “What he said was that the signature and recommendation of each member of the delegation was necessary, otherwise the war would follow immediately and that the responsibility for this war should lie directly with those who refused to sign the treaty. This was echoed by opponents of the treaty as convenient evidence that Irish delegates were subjected to last-minute coercion, and “terrible and immediate war” became a buzzword in the debates that followed.  The next day, de Valera repeated this point: “. So what happened was that there was a threat of immediate violence against our people there. I believe that this document was signed under duress, and although I have the moral feeling that any agreement reached should be faithfully executed, I do not hesitate to say that I would not consider it binding on the Irish nation.  The deal was rejected by Republicans because it confirmed Northern Ireland`s status as part of the United Kingdom. The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) continued its violent campaign and did not approve the deal. Sinn Féin President Gerry Adams condemned the agreement: “The formal recognition of the division of Ireland.
[is] a disaster for the nationalist cause. This body dealt with political, legal and security issues in Northern Ireland, as well as the “promotion of cross-border cooperation”. It had only an advisory function – it did not have the power to make decisions or amend laws.  The Conference would have the power to make proposals only “to the extent that these matters do not fall within the competence of a devolved administration in Northern Ireland”. This provision was intended to encourage unionists (who, through the conference, opposed the Involvement of the Irish Government in Northern Ireland) to transform power into a decentralised government. Maryfield`s Secretariat was the permanent secretariat of the conference, which included officials from the Republic`s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, based in Maryfield, a suburb of Belfast. The presence of officials of the republic particularly enraged the unionists. [Citation needed] Maryfield`s offices were closed in December 1998 after the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference replaced the Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference.  The agreement was largely rejected by unionists because it gave the Republic of Ireland a role in the governance of Northern Ireland for the very first time and because it had been excluded from the treaty negotiations. The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) led the campaign against the deal, including mass rallies, strikes, civil disobedience and the mass withdrawal of all Unionist MPs from the House of Commons.