The first president of Venda, Patrick Mphephu, was also a paramount chef of the Vhavenda; he was born in Dzanani in Limpopo and lived there. His successor Frank Ravele was overthrown in 1990 by a military coup by the Venda Defence Force, after which the territory was governed by the National Unity Council. Venda was reinstated to South Africa on April 27, 1994.  In 1982, the University of Venda, known as Univen, was founded as a university for Vhavenda.  At the time of independence in 1979, the population of Vhavenda was about 200,000 people. The state was cut off by neighbouring Zimbabwe by the Madimbo corridor, which was patrolled by South African troops in the north and neighbouring Mozambique by Kruger National Park.  Venda was a Bantustan from northern South Africa, close enough to the South African border with Zimbabwe, to the north, while to the south and east it shared a long border with another black homeland, Gazankulu. It is now part of the province of Limpopo. Venda was founded as a homeland by the South African government for the people of venda, spokesman for the language venda.  The United Nations and the international community have refused to recognize Venda (or any other Bantustan) as an independent state. As a nominal freelancer, Venda was able to create a casino in the early 1980s, mainly occupied by British workers.
This would not have been legally possible in South Africa. [Citation required] Venda was originally a series of non-related areas in the Transvaal, with a main part and a main enclave. The capital, formerly Sibasa, was transferred to Thohoyandou (including the former district of Sibasa) when Venda was declared independent in 1979. Before independence, it was extended to an adjoining area with a total area of 6,807 km2.  In the 1984 elections, the ruling Venda National Party retained its position as a ruling party and defeated the perpetual opposition Venda Independent People`s Party (VIPP).  Provincial districts and population in the 1991 census.  Venda was declared self-governing on 1 February 1973 with elections held later that year.  Further elections were held in July 1978.  The region was declared independent by the South African government on 13 September 1979 and its inhabitants lost their South African citizenship.
  Like other Bantustans, its independence from the international community has not been recognized.